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이번 학기 콜로퀴움은 코로나19 오미크론 변이 급속 확산 및 정부 지침에 따라 온-오프 하이브리드(오프라인+Real Time Streaming)으로 운영될 예정입니다.
아홉번째 강연에는 IBS, Center for Exotic Nuclear Studies의 안성훈 박사님을 모시고 콜로퀴움을 개최하오니, 학과 구성원 여러분의 많은 참여를 부탁 드립니다.
코로나19 확산방지를 위해 다과는 제공하지 않습니다.
1. Title: Key Nuclear Experimental Studies to Find the Origin of Elements
2. Speaker: 안 성 훈 박사님 (Center for Exotic Nuclear Studies, Institute for Basic Science)
3. Date & Time: May 11(Wed.) 2022. 4:30 PM
4. Place: Natural Science 1, Room No. 31214
5. Abstract: The US Nuclear Scientific Advisory Committee recently published the Long Range Plan for US
Nuclear Science and two important open questions were addressed: \Where do nuclei and elements
come from?" and \What combinations of neutrons and protons can form a bound atomic nucleus?"
Their answers are crucial for both nuclear structure and astrophysics, gaining our knowledge about
modern nuclear theory and the evolution of our Universe. Moreover, with the recent astonishing
observation of the first neutron star merger by astronomers, understanding nuclear spectroscopic
properties of unstable isotopes has become very important to demonstrate observables of such event
including gamma-ray, optical and X-ray emissions. However, our knowledge of short-lived nuclei
involved in nucleosynthesis processes, such as the rapid proton capture process (rp-process) and the
rapid neutron capture process (r-process), still lags behind the precision at which the observations
have been made. In order to answer the questions, new experimental studies of nuclear properties
with heavy ion radioactive beam accelerators are critical. Moreover, because most of key nuclei allow-
ing us to explore new models of nuclear structure are far from stability, it is only possible to perform
the research with powerful rare isotope beam (RIB) facilities, including National Superconducting
Cyclotron Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, CARIBU at Argonne National Laboratory,
MARS at Texas A&M University Cyclotron Institute, which provide short-lived radioactive beams.
Furthermore, new generation RIB accelerator facilities around the world will be available soon, such
as Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory (RIBF) in Japan, Facility for Rare Isotope Beam (FRIB) in the
US and Rare isotope Accelerator complex for ON-line experiment (RAON) in South Korea. Recent
experimental studies of key nuclei performed at the existing facilities will be presented as well as
new active research activities at the Center for Exotic Nuclear Studies (CENS), Institute for Basic
Science (IBS). Future plans on how to take advantage of the new facilities including RAON will also
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