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아래와 같이 콜로퀴움을 개최하오니 많이 참석해 주시기 바랍니다. 아 래 1. 제목: Dynamics of one-dimensional electrons and exotic elementary excitations 2. 연사: Y. Kuramoto 교수 (일본 동북대학교) 3. 일시: 2006년 9월 8일(금요일) 오후 4시 30분 4. 장소: 물리학과 세미나실(31355호실) 5. 초록: Interactions among one-dimensional electrons cause nonperturbative effects such as instability of the Fermi liquid and the spin-charge separation. Understanding of dynamics probed by neutron scattering and photoemission requires a global theory beyond the scope of the standard Tomonaga-Luttinger or conformal field theories focusing on the infrared limit. We first review relevant experimental results, and take the supersymmetric t-J model with a long-range (1/r^2) interaction which permits derivation of explicit dynamical quantities. We present exact results for static correlation functions, dynamical structure factor, and one-particle spectral functions. It is shown that spin and charge excitations are carried by exotic quasi-particles which obey neither Fermi nor Bose statistics. In the particular momentum range, these fractional particles seem to recombine to make up an electron. Hence an electron can be regarded as a composite particle from an excitation point of view.
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